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Monkeypox symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and vaccines

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  • More than 16,000 confirmed cases have been recorded in 75 countries so far this year, says WHO.
  • First symptoms can include a fever, headaches, sharp muscle pains, fatigue, a rash, and swollen and painful lymph nodes.
  • Monkeypox has long been endemic in Central and Western Africa.

PARIS: The World Health Organisation declared monkeypox a global health emergency at the weekend, as calls grow for swift action to stop the spread of the virus.

More than 16,000 confirmed cases have been recorded in 75 countries so far this year, the WHO said on Monday.

Here is an overview of the symptoms, diagnosis, treatments and vaccines.

Symptoms 

The first symptoms can include a fever, headaches, sharp muscle pains, fatigue, a rash, as well as swollen and painful lymph nodes.

Around one to three days after the appearance of a fever, a rash can turn into painful, fluid-filled skin lesions.

After a few days or weeks, the lesions or sores turn into scabs, before falling off.

Monkeypox has long been endemic in Central and Western Africa. In countries elsewhere that have recorded cases since May, the lesions have been more common around the genitals and anus, as well as on the mouth.

On Monday, the UK Health Security Agency expanded its list of symptoms to include just one or two genital or anal lesions, as well as rectal pain or bleeding.

Symptoms have varied between patients, however. They usually last between two to four weeks, and the virus is contagious until the rash has fully healed.

Diagnosis 

Most of the recent global cases have been in men who have been intimate with men and have recently been with a new partner, according to the WHO.

A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine last week found that 95% of cases were transmitted through sexual activity.

Diagnosing the virus can be difficult due to its inconsistent symptoms, which can resemble sexually transmitted infections, several health authorities have warned.

Europe has been the epicentre of the outbreak, with many cases among younger men living in cities, according to the WHO.

Confirming a case of monkeypox may require a PCR test or a sample or biopsy of a skin lesion.

Those with potential cases must isolate while waiting for test results. Once the virus is confirmed, isolation is recommended for three weeks.

Monkeypox has been detected in semen but is not considered a sexually transmitted disease, instead spreading through close physical contact. The European Centre for Disease Prevention (ECDC) recommends using a condom for 12 weeks after recovery.

Treatment 

The disease usually heals by itself after two to three weeks, sometimes taking a month.

In many cases, the only treatment needed is to address the symptoms, such as clearing up a fever or soothing the itching.

Sometimes the lesions can become extremely painful, however, requiring serious painkillers or even hospital treatment.

The most severe cases have been seen in children, pregnant women and people with comprised immune systems.

No deaths have been reported so far in Europe or the United States.

People with monkeypox are advised not to scratch the lesions, as this could spread the virus or leave a scar, and to cover them to avoid the temptation.

The European Medicines Agency has approved a smallpox medication, Tecovirimat, for monkeypox treatment.

Vaccines 

A smallpox vaccine from Danish drug maker Bavarian Nordic, marketed under the name Jynneos in the United States and Imvanex in Europe, has also been found to protect against monkeypox.

The European Commission approved its use for monkeypox on Monday.

It can also have a “significant protective effect” if administered within four days of exposure to a monkeypox case, according to the ECDC.

Countries such as Britain, Canada, France and the United States have started offering vaccination to those most at risk of the virus.

The vaccine is given in two doses, at least 28 days apart. But for people vaccinated against smallpox as children, one dose is enough. For people with comprised immune systems, a third dose is recommended.

As the vaccines do not provide immediate or total protection, health authorities advise caution after receiving an injection.

The United States also has many doses of the older generation ACAM2000 smallpox vaccine, but it is not recommended for everyone because of significant side effects.

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Current weather: Will Karachi see any rain today?

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There is no probability of rain in Karachi, although there may be some light rain in some areas of the city, according to the Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD) on Monday.

The city will continue to see overcast weather, according to the Met Office, which also noted that the westerly winds had left Sindh.

According to the PMD, Karachi’s current temperature is 28°C, and the air’s humidity is 61%. The wind is blowing quickly out of the west.

“The maximum temperature in Karachi is likely to be 30 to 32°C,” it said. Meanwhile, there’s a chance of light rain in several areas of Sindh.

A day prior, there had been rain and thunderstorms in a number of Karachi neighborhoods, including Mauripur, North Karachi, Gulistane-e-Johar and the neighboring suburbs, Saddar, Soldier Bazar, the Airport, and Clifton.

Surjani Town reported the maximum rainfall of 34 millimeters, while Nazimabad, Gulshan-e-Hadid, Faisal Base, Sharea Faisal, and Keamari received 21.2, 20, and 19 millimeters of rain, respectively.

Subsequently, rainfall totals of 18 mm were reported at Masroor Base, 17 mm at Korangi, 15.7 mm at University Road, 15.1 mm at Old Airport, 15 mm at Saadi Town and North Karachi, 14.4 mm at Orangi Town, 13 mm at Saddar, 12 mm at Malir, 5.5 mm at Defence Housing Society (DHA), and 5 mm at Quaidabad.

The Met Office reported that Jinnah Terminal recorded the lowest amount of rain, 1.2 mm.

It rained in Karachi as predicted, according to Chief Meteorologist Sardar Sarfaraz.

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Punjab sets a Rs. 16 roti price.

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On Sunday, the Punjabi government lowered the cost of rotis from Rs 20 to Rs 16.

“Thank God, the Punjabi government has lowered the cost of roti to Rs16,” stated a post on the social media site X by Punjab Chief Minister Maryam Nawaz Sharif.

According to Maryam Nawaz Sharif, all districts in Punjab and pertinent departments have received instructions to guarantee that this decision is strictly followed.

Previously, on Wednesday, the Punjab cabinet decided to set Rs3,900 per 40kg as the minimum support price for wheat in 2023–2024.

Leading the Punjab government is Chief Minister Maryam Nawaz Sharif, who has approved the Wheat Procurement Policy 2024–25.
Punjab sets the price of its heat support at Rs. 3-900 per 40 kg, according tources.

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How Can I Register Online for the Punjab E-Bike Scheme? Examine the Step-by-Step Guide.

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The Punjabi government has begun the process of registering motorcycles for students in the area on a monthly interest-free payment plan.

At least 19,000 gasoline and 1,000 E-bikes will be given away in the first phase. The Punjab government will cover the applicants’ down payment and markup in installments.

Due to the exorbitant cost of two-wheelers, the Interest-Free Bike Scheme 2024 was created to lessen the financial burden on students.

A Rs. 20,000 down payment is part of the proposal. For two years, students will pay for their bikes in convenient monthly installments. Based on the facts provided, male students will have to pay more than Rs. 11,000 per month, while female students will pay Rs. 7,325 per month.

Whereas petrol bikes would be dispersed in other districts according to population, e-bikes will be given out in Faisalabad, Multan, Bahawalpur, Rawalpindi, and Lahore.

Take these actions to register for the Punjab Motorcycle Scheme:

Visit the authorized website, bikes.punjab.gov.pk.
Locate the section for registration.
Fill out the registration form with the necessary personal data.
Upload any necessary files by following the given instructions.
Verify the accuracy of the information.
Send in the registration form.

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