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Stanford researchers terminate ChatGPT-like OpenAI two months after launch



Researchers of artificial intelligence (AI) from Stanford managed to develop their ChatGPT chatbot demo Alpaca in less than two months but terminated it citing “hosting costs and the inadequacies of content filters” in the large language model’s (LLM) behaviour.

The termination announcement was made less than a week after it was released, as per Stanford Daily.

The source code of the ChatGPT model of Stanford — developed for less than $600 — is available publicly.

According to researchers, their chatbot model had a similar performance to OpenAI’s ChatGPT 3.5.

Scientists in their announcement said that their chatbot Alpaca is only for academic research and not for general use in the near future.

Alpaca researcher Tatsunori Hashimoto of the Computer Science Department said: “We think the interesting work is in developing methods on top of Alpaca [since the dataset itself is just a combination of known ideas], so we don’t have current plans along the lines of making more datasets of the same kind or scaling up the model,”

Alpaca was developed on Meta AI’s LLaMA 7B model and generated training data with the method known as self-instruct.

Adjunct professor Douwe Kiela noted that “As soon as the LLaMA model came out, the race was on.”

Kiela who also worked as an AI researcher at Facebook said that “Somebody was going to be the first to instruction-finetune the model, and so the Alpaca team was the first … and that’s one of the reasons it kind of went viral.”

“It’s a really, really cool, simple idea, and they executed really well.”

Hashimoto said that the “LLaMA base model is trained to predict the next word on internet data and that instruction-finetuning modifies the model to prefer completions that follow instructions over those that do not.”

The source code of Alpaca is available on GitHub — a source code sharing platform — and was viewed 17,500 times. More than 2,400 people have used the code for their own model.

“I think much of the observed performance of Alpaca comes from LLaMA, and so the base language model is still a key bottleneck,” Hashimoto stated.

As the use of artificial intelligence systems has been increasing with every passing day, scientists and experts have been debating over the publishing of the source code, data used by companies and their methods to train their AI models and the overall transparency of the technology.

He was of the view that “I think one of the safest ways to move forward with this technology is to make sure that it is not in too few hands.”

“We need to have places like Stanford, doing cutting-edge research on these large language models in the open. So I thought it was very encouraging that Stanford is still actually one of the big players in this large language model space,” Kiela noted. 

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Punjab will provide fifty thousand solar kits.




On Tuesday,Tuesday, while presiding over a review meeting on solar household solutions, the CM gave the order to begin the installation of one kilowatt solar systems right away. She also gave the order to introduce the newest solar systems.

Phase-I solar systems would be balloted for by 50,000 protected users who use 100 units each month, at a cost of Rs 12.6 billion.

Home-based solar systems will eventually be made available to other Punjabi consumers. A solar system will consist of a battery, inverter, sophisticated solar plate, and more related accessories.

Attending the meeting were Provincial Information Minister Azma Zahid Bukhari, MPA Sania Ashiq, Former Senator Pervaiz Rashid, Chief Secretary, Chairman Planning and Development, Secretaries of Energy, Finance, and Punjab Power Development Board (PPDB) Managing Director, in addition to other pertinent officers.

During his inaugural speech as Punjab’s chief minister, Maryam Nawaz outlined her five-year plan and promised to develop a strategy for customers who use fewer than 300 units of power.

According to Maryam Nawaz, the PML-N’s main goals for her term will be to provide jobs, healthcare, and education.

She said, “I am working on a plan to provide solar panels to consumers using up to 300 units of electricity or less in installments.”

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There will be free WiFi in public parks.




The discussion on the province’s capital city’s beautification was chaired by Chief Minister Ali Amin Gandapur.

CM Gandapur gave the pertinent authorities instructions at the meeting to complete the arrangements and submit the free WiFi service plan for the province government’s approval.

In the following phase, he said, the service will be extended to more cities. In addition, the chief minister gave the Peshawar Development Authority instructions to create a beatification plan for the city.

The meeting voted to launch a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) service on Nasir Bagh Road in the province capital with the goal of facilitating the easy mobility of the population.

CM Gandapur pushed for the installation of underpasses rather than overhead bridges and ordered the city’s street lights to be converted to solar power.

The chief minister gave the order to begin work on the road around the BRT Corridor at University Road as well as the building of the remaining section of Warsak-Nasir Bagh Road right away.

In order to promote KP’s culture, he also oversaw the installation of fake plants on all road walks and painted headbridges and walls with designs.

The chief minister of KP gave the order to approach business organizations for assistance in this respect.

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FM Ishaq Dar praises IAEA for using nuclear technology in a “peaceful” manner




During a meeting with IAEA Director General (DG) Rafael Mariano Grossi outside the Nuclear Energy Summit in Brussels, Pakistan, a founding member of the Agency, stressed the importance of the Agency’s work.

He stated that Pakistan placed a high value on the Agency’s efforts as a founding member.

The foreign minister also emphasized Pakistan’s goal to increase the proportion of nuclear energy in the country’s energy mix and the significance of nuclear energy in the fight against climate change.

Ishaq Dar went on to stress the importance of the Agency’s technical cooperation initiatives, to which Pakistan makes a major contribution as well.

According to the foreign minister, banks and other international financial institutions should support nuclear energy projects in developing nations so that those countries may meet their energy needs and meet their zero emissions commitments.

He requested that the IAEA continue raising global understanding of the benefits of nuclear energy as a clean energy source.

The director general of the IAEA commended Pakistan for its cooperation. Rafael Mariano Grossi continued by saying that Pakistan is essential in helping emerging nations by sharing knowledge and experience.

He acknowledged that there was a problem with financing nuclear projects and promised to work with international financial institutions to find a solution as quickly as possible.

The director general of the IAEA reflected fondly on his visit to Pakistan earlier in the year, when he inspected the country’s facilities and witnessed firsthand its progress in the peaceful applications of nuclear technology.

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