Connect with us

Latest News

Pakistan promotes the prohibition of outer-space weaponization to protect global peace.

Published

on

Pakistan has urged for steps to prevent the weaponization of outer space, claiming that such actions will avoid a serious threat to international peace and security.

Ambassador Munir Akram warned the UN General Assembly on Monday that “threats to security in and from outer space have escalated sharply in recent years.” This is obvious from the placement of weaponry in space, as well as its growing designation as the next frontier in major powers’ military programmes and doctrines.

Last month, the 193-member Assembly debated Russia’s veto in the Security Council, which blocked a draft resolution aimed at preventing a new interplanetary arms race.

Due to Russia’s negative vote, the 15-member Council failed to accept last month’s draft, which received 13 votes in favour with China abstaining. The United States and Japan introduced the draft resolution, which was co-sponsored by more than 60 countries.

In his remarks, Ambassador Akram stated that the US-Japan draft resolution correctly recognised that preventing an Outer Space arms race would avert a serious threat to international peace and security. He emphasised the relevance of the Outer Space Treaty and the Geneva Conference on Disarmament as the sole multilateral disarmament negotiating platform.

Pakistan, he stated, has always held the principled position that resolutions on global disarmament issues should be deliberated and concluded in an inclusive and transparent manner within the appropriate forums — the Conference on Disarmament (CD), the UN Disarmament Commission, and the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, which deals with disarmament and international security issues.

The Pakistani envoy expressed sadness that there has been no progress on a Treaty to Prevent an Arms Race in Outer Space for almost four decades.

“Initially,” he continued, “some disregarded the notion of an interstellar arms competition. Then they said that it was too late to avoid its militarization and advocated for a concentrate on non-weaponisation solutions. They now want to focus on behaviour rather than capabilities, ignoring the inherent consequences of legitimising the weaponization of outer space.

Pakistan, according to Ambassador Akram, has advocated for a comprehensive approach that emphasises both capabilities and behaviour.

“We have repeatedly urged for immediate discussions on a legally binding PAROS instrument (Preventing Arms Race in Outer Space). In addition, we have actively contributed to non-legally enforceable measures such as Transparency and Confidence-Building Measures (TCBMs).

However, he stressed that TCBMs or other non-legally binding norms cannot fill the clear inadequacies in the international legal regime.

The Pakistani envoy expressed regret that a few states continue to block the start of such negotiations in the Committee on Disarmament (CD) on a legally binding instrument that prohibits the placement of weapons in outer space and prohibits the threat or use of force against outer space objects, claiming that they have failed to explain how such negotiations would jeopardise their security interests. “They have also failed to justify why definitional and verification issues cannot be taken up during negotiations – an approach that they advocate for another item in the CD.”

Ambassador Akram hoped that the topic of weaponization of outer space, which had been addressed in the Security Council, would be forwarded to the C.D. for further discussion as part of negotiations on a treaty to prevent an outer space arms race.

Previously, Russian Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia stated why his delegation voted against the US-Japan draft resolution.

He claimed that, despite its “beautiful sounding title,” the document failed to fulfil its stated goal because it was already addressed by existing international accords, and expressed concern that the resolution could have had “far-reaching consequences” for disarmament procedures.

“During the negotiations on this draft, we attempted in vain to get an answer from the authors on why they were trying to use the Security Council to reaffirm already existing international obligations in the area of outer space exploration,” he said.

He referred to the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, which expressly prohibits the deployment of weapons of mass destruction in space, and urged that debates on the subject be held in specialised forums open to all General Assembly members.

Ambassador Nebenzia criticised the proposal for attempting to impose new constraints through the Security Council that were not previously established in any international agreements, including the 1967 treaty, raising “serious legal concerns” about these new restrictions.

“Imposing such obligations without preliminary, expert, legal, and technical discussions is inadmissible,” he stated.

Japanese Ambassador Kazuyuki Yamazaki, for his part, asked delegates to consider the devastating repercussions of a nuclear weapon detonating in outer space, resulting in the loss of satellites and essential space infrastructure, as well as permanent impacts on people’s lives around the world.

“The draft Security Council resolution on weapons of mass destruction in outer space, co-drafted by the US and Japan, was intended to avoid such a nuclear catastrophe for humankind,” he stated.

He emphasised the draft’s broad support, which includes 13 votes in favour and 65 cosponsors.

“Regrettably, one permanent member decided to silence the critical message we wanted to send to the present and future people of the world: outer space must remain a domain free of weapons of mass destruction,” he mourned.

He stated that stopping nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass devastation in space “must remain our priority”.

“Outer space must never be an arena for a nuclear arms race,” he warned.

According to US Deputy Ambassador Robert Wood, the debate over Russia’s veto of the draft resolution provides an important opportunity to improve accountability and transparency among all permanent Council members.

He emphasised that the proposed resolution aimed to confirm all States parties’ commitments under the 1967 Outer Space Treaty, including the prohibition on deploying nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction in outer space.

He also urged UN Member States not to build nuclear weapons specifically tailored for deployment in orbit, as this would reduce the chance of a nuclear incident in space while also preserving crucial satellites required for communication, security, and sustainable development.

“It should not be at all controversial or difficult for the Security Council to affirm the clear obligations of parties under the Outer Space Treaty nor should it be difficult to ask that States work together towards our shared interests,” he said.

Ambassador Wood stated that the penholders, the United States and Japan, took a thoughtful, transparent, inclusive, and flexible approach to the resolution, with the wording altering as a result of deliberations.

Regarding Russia’s new proposed draft resolution on the subject, he criticised it as a “diplomatic façade” hiding its “true intentions”.

He stated that Russia presently has multiple conventional anti-satellite weapons in space, citing a 2019 missile test and continuous threats to satellites.

“Russia’s actions cast significant doubt as to whether it will uphold its existing legal obligations under the Outer Space Treaty and raise concern about what this means for international peace and security,” he added.

Speaking on the subject, Chinese Ambassador Fu Cong emphasised that outer space is the “global commons and embodies the shared aspirations of all humanity”.

“Today, the globe is not peaceful. “The risk of outer space weaponisation is increasing, and developing countries’ access to space science and technology is being restricted,” he stated.

He stated that the international community should take initiatives to help all countries.

These include safeguarding outer space’s peaceful character, urgently improving international space governance institutions, and encouraging greater cooperation and dialogue.

“The previous draft resolution on outer space security proposed by the United States and Japan is neither comprehensive nor balanced, and China is unable to support it,” the Chinese envoy said, adding that Russia’s new resolution proposed at the Security Council is more balanced and comprehensive.

“China supports that [Russian] draft resolution and looks forward to its early agreement among Council members to jointly safeguard mutual trust and cooperation among all parties on the issue of outer space,” he added.

Latest News

US envoy urges deeper strengthening of relations with Pakistan

Published

on

By

The significance of strengthening relations with Pakistan was highlighted by US Ambassador Donald Blome on Thursday.

Blome visited the Chaukhandi cemetery in Karachi, based on the information. President Donald Blome and other delegates were cordially welcomed by Sindh Minister of Culture and Tourism Syed Zulfiqar Ali Shah on this particular occasion.

Narendra Kumar, Heather Murphy, and Zahra Hajiani were among the delegation members who visited Chaukhandi Graveyard’s historic tombs with the American envoy, Acting Consul General Jimmy Mauldin.

Highlighting the rich historical significance of Chaukhandi graveyard, Minister Zulfiqar Ali Shah shared his ideas with the US ambassador.

Blome highlighted the Chaukhandi tombs for their exquisite craftsmanship and architectural design. He promised to help Pakistani visitors with their visa requirements.

According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation (Unesco), he promised to promote the nation’s historical sites.

In the meantime, Shah stated, “The Sindh government is taking steps to provide all sorts of facilities to the tourists.”

Pakistan will receive additional assistance from the US to lower methane gas emissions.

The US decided to help Pakistan lower its methane gas emissions earlier this month.

At a USAID Climate Financing event, US Ambassador Blome stated: “We are working very hard to lower methane gas emissions from dairy farming. The Green Climate Fund in Pakistan will be consulted for funding this initiative.”

“As of 2030, there are global efforts to reduce the temperature by 1 degree Celsius. The US-Pakistan Green Alliance is being followed by the collaboration with Pakistan, according to Blome.

“The problems can only be addressed by providing the stakeholders with financial and technical resources,” he continued.

The government’s first aim is to revitalise the cattle industry, according to Federal Secretary Dr. Fakhre Alam. Raising dairy farming’s production capacity will help it overcome its environmental problems.”

Continue Reading

Latest News

Shehbaz travels to the UAE in order to strengthen trade relations.

Published

on

By

This visit, which is being accompanied by a high-level delegation made up of important ministers such as Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Ishaq Dar, Defence Minister Khawaja Asif, Commerce Minister Jam Kamal, Information Minister Ataullah Tarar, and advisor Tariq Fatemi, is intended to strengthen bilateral ties and expand cooperation between the two countries.
Prime Minister Sharif will visit President Muhammad Bin Zayed Al Nahyan of the United Arab Emirates in Abu Dhabi. The high-level gathering will cover Pakistani and UAE bilateral relations, with an emphasis on commerce and investment.

Along with exploring strategic alliances and shared interests that can help their respective nations, they are also expected to concentrate on talking about ways to advance collaboration across a range of industries.

Prime Minister Sharif has talks planned with other Emirati leaders, businesspeople, and heads of financial organisations in addition to his diplomatic engagements. In an effort to promote economic cooperation and draw in investment, he is also scheduled to meet with businessmen and investors from Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates.

The Shehbaz intends to encourage UAE companies to extend their operations into the Pakistani market by interacting with influential businesspeople and highlighting investment prospects in Pakistan.

These exchanges will offer a forum for talking about doable ways to strengthen business relations and carry out initiatives that will benefit both parties. Pakistan’s determination to enhance its political and economic ties with the United Arab Emirates is demonstrated by the visit.

After ending his day-long journey to Iran to offer condolences for the terrible death of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi and his entourage in a helicopter crash on Sunday, Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif has returned to Pakistan.

Continue Reading

Latest News

Memon accuses temporary government of ‘delaying’ the BRT Red Line project

Published

on

By

On Thursday, Sindh Minister Sharjeel Inam Memon accused the interim administration of “delaying” the Red Line project of the Bus Rapid Transit (BRT).

Memon stated what he thought, saying, “The BRT Red Line project was mission impossible. However, the project has now begun to be worked on.”

“The reason government is formed is to solve the issues that the people face. “The government is working tirelessly to bring relief to the masses,” he declared.

Memon declared, “It’s also being done about the unlawful bus stands. The passengers will have access to shuttle service from us.”

“A large number of transport projects have already begun. “We aim to ensure that every individual receives a chance to work,” he continued.

Pakistan was ‘started to damage’ by the founder of PTI.

Memon reported on Thursday that a campaign to hurt the nation was started by the founder of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf (PTI).

Memon said at a Karachi event: “Israel discusses the human rights violations in Pakistan. Israel, a party to the Palestinian holocaust, is endorsing the PTI’s founder. Israel has provided election funding to the PTI’s founder.”

“The worst election tampering in 2018 produced the PTI founder’s victory. Police officers, the parliament, and the PTV were all attacked,” he claimed.

“The entire country was closed due to a 126-day protest,” Memon claimed.

The PTI founder was made fun of by Memon, who said, “The PTI founder had always embraced the politics of anarchy.”

Memon stated the following when discussing the state of law and order in Sindh: “The Sindh government is serious about the state of law and order in the province. In terms of keeping Sindh peaceful, everyone is in agreement.”

Continue Reading

Trending