Non-communicable diseases cause 74% of global deaths: WHO
- WHO says NCDs kill 41 million people every year, including 17 million under the age of 70.
- Heart disease, cancer, diabetes and respiratory disease now outnumber infectious diseases.
- People living with NCDs, like obesity or diabetes, were at greater risk of becoming seriously ill and dying from the virus.
Non-communicable diseases like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes are responsible for 74% of deaths globally and cracking down on risk factors could save millions of lives, the WHO said Wednesday.
A report from the UN health agency shows that so-called NCDs which are often preventable and caused by an unhealthy lifestyle or living conditions, kill 41 million people every year, including 17 million under the age of 70.
Heart disease, cancer, diabetes,and respiratory disease now outnumber infectious diseases as the top killers globally said the report, titled “Invisible Numbers”.
“Every two seconds, someone under the age of 70 is dying from an NCD,” Bente Mikkelsen, head of the World Health Organisation’s division that oversees such diseases, told reporters in Geneva.
“And yet a minimal amount of domestic and international financing is spent on NCDs. This is truly a tragedy.”
NCDs are not only the world’s biggest killers, but they also have serious impacts on how people weather infectious diseases, as the COVID-19 pandemic demonstrated.
People living with NCDs, like obesity or diabetes, were at greater risk of becoming seriously ill and dying from the virus, the report said.
Poorer countries hardest hit
“The data paint a clear picture. The problem is that the world isn´t looking at it,” the report warned.
Contrary to popular belief, these “lifestyle” diseases are not mainly a problem of wealthy countries.
A full 86% of the global premature NCD deaths happen in low- and lower-middle-income countries, the study said.
This makes addressing the problem not only a health issue but also an issue of “equity”, Mikkelsen said, pointing out that many people in poorer countries do not have access to the prevention, treatment and care they need.
A new NCD data portal launched by WHO Wednesday shows the highest prevalence of deaths from cardiovascular disease — the world’s biggest killer — in countries like Afghanistan and Mongolia.
WHO said it was misleading to consider NCDs lifestyle diseases since much of the exposure to risk factors is beyond an individual´s control.
“Far too often, the environment in which we live constrains our decisions, making healthy choices difficult, if not impossible,” the report said.
While the numbers are startling, the WHO stressed this is a largely fixable problem, since the main risk factors for NCDs are known, as is how to best address them.
Tobacco use, unhealthy diet
Tobacco use, unhealthy diet, harmful use of alcohol, physical inactivity and air pollution are seen as the main causes driving the soaring NCD numbers.
Tobacco use alone is responsible for more than eight million deaths each year.
“Over a million of those deaths are among non-smokers, non-tobacco-users, so innocent bystanders,” Doug Bettcher, a senior advisor to WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus for NCDs, told reporters.
Another eight million deaths are attributable to unhealthy diets, meaning either too little, too much or too poor quality food, the report said.
Harmful alcohol use, which among other things causes liver cirrhosis and cancers, kills around 1.7 million people annually, while physical inactivity is responsible for an estimated 830,000 deaths.
But WHO argued in its report that there are clear, proven ways to drive down those risk factors, insisting that if all countries implemented them, 39 million lives could be saved over the next seven years.
“WHO is calling on all governments to adopt the interventions that are known to work to help avert 39 million deaths by 2030 and make countless other lives lived longer, healthier and happier,” Mikkelsen said.
The report emphasised that relatively small investments in NCD prevention and treatment could make a huge difference.
It said that pumping an additional $18 billion per year into such measures in poorer countries could generate net economic benefits of $2.7 trillion over the next seven years.
Hearses queue at Beijing crematorium, even as China reports no new COVID deaths
- Queue of hearses seen outside Beijing crematorium.
- China reports no new deaths; some criticise its accounting.
- Beijing faces surge in severe COVID in next 2 weeks: expert.
BEIJING: Dozens of hearses queued outside a Beijing crematorium on Wednesday, even as China reported no new COVID-19 deaths in its growing outbreak, sparking criticism of its virus accounting as the capital braces for a surge of severe cases.
Following widespread protests, the country of 1.4 billion people this month began dismantling its “zero-COVID” regime of lockdowns and testing that had largely kept the virus away for three years — at great economic and psychological costs.
The abrupt change of policy has caught the country’s fragile health system unprepared, with hospitals scrambling for beds and blood, pharmacies for drugs, and authorities racing to build special clinics. Experts now predict China could face more than a million COVID deaths next year.
At a crematorium in Beijing’s Tongzhou district on Wednesday, a Reuters witness saw a queue of around 40 hearses waiting to enter, while the parking lot was full.
Inside, family and friends, many wearing white clothing and headbands as is tradition, were gathered around roughly 20 coffins awaiting cremation. Staff wore hazmat suits. Smoke rose from five of the 15 furnaces.
There was a heavy police presence outside the crematorium.
Reuters could not verify whether the deaths were caused by COVID.
China uses a narrow definition of COVID deaths, reporting no new fatalities for Tuesday and even crossing one off its overall tally since the pandemic began, now amounting to 5,241 — a fraction of what much less populous countries faced.
The National Health Commission said on Tuesday only people whose death is caused by pneumonia and respiratory failure after contracting the virus are classified as COVID deaths.
Benjamin Mazer, an assistant professor of pathology at Johns Hopkins University, said that classification would miss “a lot of cases,” especially as people who are vaccinated, including with the Chinese shots, are less likely to die of pneumonia.
Blood clots, heart problems and sepsis — an extreme body response to infection – have caused countless deaths among COVID patients around the world.
“It doesn’t make sense to apply this sort of March 2020 mindset where it’s only COVID pneumonia that can kill you, when we know that in the post-vaccine era, there’s all sorts of medical complications,” Mazer said.
The death toll might rise sharply in the near future, with state-run Global Times citing a leading Chinese respiratory expert predicting a spike in severe cases in Beijing over the coming weeks.
“We must act quickly and prepare fever clinics, emergency and severe treatment resources,” Wang Guangfa, a respiratory expert from Peking University First Hospital, told the newspaper.
Severe cases rose by 53 across China on Tuesday, versus an increase of 23 the previous day. China does not provide absolute figures of severe cases.
Wang expects the COVID wave to peak in late January, with life likely to return to normal by end-February or early March.
The NHC also played down concerns raised by the United States and some epidemiologists over the potential for the virus to mutate, saying the possibility of new strains that are more pathogenic is low.
Paul Tambyah, President of the Asia Pacific Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infection, supported that view.
“I do not think that this is a threat to the world,” he said. “The chances are that the virus will behave like every other human virus and adapt to the environment in which it circulates by becoming more transmissible and less virulent.”
Several leading scientists and World Health Organisation advisors told Reuters a potentially devastating wave to come in China means it may be too early to declare the end of the global COVID pandemic emergency phase.
The United States on Tuesday indicated it stands ready to assist China with its outbreak, warning an uncontrolled spread in the world’s second-largest economy may hurt global growth.
A major near-term concern for economists is the impact a surge in infections might have on factory output and logistics as workers and truck drivers fall ill.
The World Bank on Tuesday cut its China growth outlook for this year and next, citing the abrupt loosening of COVID measures among other factors.
Some local governments continue to relax rules.
Staff at the Communist Party and government institutions or enterprises in the southwestern city of Chongqing who have mild COVID symptoms can go to work if they wear a mask, state-run China Daily reported.
Other Chinese media reported similar moves in several cities.
Blast hits seminary in north Afghanistan, killing 15
- Religious seminary attacked in Samangan province.
- At least 20 people are also wounded.
- Unclear who’s behind attack.
KABUL: A blast tore through a religious seminary in the northern Afghan province of Samangan on Wednesday, killing 15 people, a provincial spokesperson said.
A spokesperson for Samangan’s provincial government Emdadullah Muhajir, added that at least 20 people were also wounded in the explosion.
It was not immediately clear who was behind the blast.
The Taliban say they are focused on securing the war-torn nation since taking over the country last year, however, several attacks have taken place in recent months, some of which have been claimed by Daesh.
Indonesia quake kills more than 50, injures hundreds and destroys homes
- Quake strikes Cianjur town.
- Some residents trapped in rubble.
- Twenty-five aftershocks recorded.
JAKARTA: A 5.6-magnitude earthquake killed more than 50 people and injured hundreds in Indonesia’s West Java province on Monday, with rescuers trying to reach survivors trapped under the rubble amid a series of aftershocks as night fell.
West Java Governor Ridwan Kamil confirmed 56 deaths from the quake, whose epicentre was the town of Cianjur, about 75 km (45 miles) southeast of the capital, Jakarta, where some buildings shook and some offices were evacuated.
“So many buildings crumbled and shattered,” Ridwan told reporters.
“There are residents trapped in isolated places … so we are under the assumption that the number of injured and deaths will rise with time.”
Indonesia straddles the so-called “Pacific Ring of Fire”, a highly seismically active zone, where different plates on the Earth’s crust meet and create a large number of earthquakes and volcanoes.
The national disaster agency (BNPB) said 23 people were likely still trapped under the rubble of collapsed buildings. More than 1,770 houses were damaged and nearly 3,900 people had been displaced in Cianjur, spokesperson Abdul Muhari said.
Electricity was down and disrupting communications efforts, Herman Suherman, head of Cianjur’s government, said, adding that people in the area of Cugenang were unable to be evacuated because of a landslide blocking access.
Footage from news channel Metro TV showed what appeared to be hundreds of victims being treated in a hospital parking lot and some buildings in Cianjur reduced almost entirely to rubble as worried residents huddled outside.
Other TV channels showed victims hooked up to intravenous drips and being treated on the sidewalk.
Officials were still working to determine the full extent of the damage caused by the quake, which struck at a relatively shallow depth of 10 km, according to the weather and geophysics agency (BMKG).
Muchlis, who was in Cianjur when the quake hit, said he felt “a huge tremor” and his office walls and ceiling were damaged.
“I was very shocked. I worried there would be another quake,” Muchlis told Metro TV, adding that people ran out of their houses, some fainting and vomiting in response.
Less than two hours after the quake, 25 aftershocks had been recorded, BMKG said, adding there were concerns about the potential for more landslides in the event of heavy rain.
In Jakarta, some people evacuated offices in the central business district, while others reported buildings shaking and furniture moving, Reuters witnesses said.
In 2004, a 9.1 magnitude quake off Sumatra island in northern Indonesia triggered a tsunami that struck 14 countries, killing 226,000 people along the Indian Ocean coastline, more than half of them in Indonesia.
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