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James Webb Telescope captures amazing pictures of Uranus

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James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has been capturing mesmerising images from space and it has yet again taken a jaw-dropping picture of Uranus showing its ring, luminous moons and atmosphere, said European Space Agency (ESA) in its explanation about the treasure trove.

Last year, a similar photo of Neptune was also captured by the JWST.

In the released image, 11 of the 13 rings can be seen with such brightness that they appear single, with the planet’s luminous atmosphere.

These rings have been earlier captured by only two times — first by Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1986, and second, by the advanced adaptive optics of the Keck Observatory, stated ESA.

The images from 1986 did not show it with such detailed features but the new picture shows how the technology has evolved that has preserved the sight of the inner features of Uranus.

Uranus is the 11th planet to the sun and is characterised by astronomers as an ice giant.

According to ESA, most of its mass is thought to be a hot, dense fluid of “icy” materials – water, methane and ammonia – above a small rocky core.

The image by JWST was combined with two filters — orange and blue.

The icy giant has a unique orbit around the sun and tilts around at a 90-degree angle. It causes the planet to experience extreme seasons, with each of its poles facing sunlight for many years and with the other side plunging into the dark for equally the same years and this changes as it tilts around the sun.

The current season at the northern pole of Uranus is Spring which can also be seen in the image with its right side brightening due to facing sunlight. It is for the first time since scientists have been able to see in such depth of Uranus.

On the left side of the icy giant in the image, clouds can be faintly seen. These clouds can only be seen at infrared wavelengths, according to ESA and “are theorised to be connected to storm activity across the ice giant”, members from the JWST team said.

At the beginning of 2028, Uranus would be experiencing Summer at its northern pole.

The amazing James Webb Telescope also captured 27 moons of Uranus that are too faint to be seen.

ESA stated: “Additional studies of Uranus are happening now, and more are planned in Webb’s first year of science operations.”

“Scientists expect that future Webb images of Uranus will reveal the two faint outer rings that were discovered with Hubble during the 2007 ring-plane crossing”, it added.

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Moon train operations are planned by NASA.

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The goal is to construct the first lunar train system, which will enable safe, independent, and effective cargo transportation on the moon, according to robotics specialist Ethan Schaler of NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.

He went on, “The day-to-day functioning of a sustainable lunar base in the 2030s will depend heavily on a robust, long-lasting robotic transport system.”

The Flexible Levitation on a Track, or FLOAT, is the name of the proposed lunar rail system. According to NASA, the establishment of a railway system on the moon is “critical to the daily operations.”

According to the space agency, the primary objective of FLOAT is to offer transportation services in regions of the moon where astronauts are engaged in activities. To do this, cargoes of lunar soil and other materials will need to be transported to various regions of the moon.

Each robot will be able to transport cargo of various sizes and shapes at a pace of roughly 1 mph (1.61 km/h), according to Dr. Schaler.

Notably, NASA also declared new initiatives last month to create and test new vehicle models intended for moon exploration.

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Pakistan’s lunar mission ‘ICUBE-Q’ reaches the moon orbit.

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Pakistan’s lunar mission (ICUBE-Q) entered orbit around the moon on Wednesday.

Pakistan’s historic lunar mission (ICUBE-Q) launched from Hainan, China, on Friday aboard China’s Chang’E6 spacecraft.

According to the IST, the satellite ICUBE-Q was planned and developed in partnership with China’s Shanghai University SJTU and Pakistan’s national space agency SUPARCO.

The ICUBE-Q orbiter is equipped with two optical cameras to image the lunar surface. ICUBE-Q has now been integrated into the Chang’e6 mission after successfully qualifying and testing it.

Chang’e6 is the sixth lunar exploration mission launched by China.

The launch event was streamed live on the IST website and social media platforms. Chang’6, China’s Lunar Mission, will land on the Moon’s far side to collect surface samples before returning to Earth for further research.

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Education

The establishment of IT labs in Islamabad’s educational establishments

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SIFC was established to improve the ease of doing business for potential investors through a “Whole of Government”Approach”—achieving optimal horizontal-vertical synergy and facilitation by the Pakistan Army—and to attract investments from friendly countries in selected sectors through an empowered organisation that serves as a “single-window” platform for facilitation.

The children will learn the newest skills in these state-of-the-art IT labs, expanding their employment prospects.

These IT laboratories will be constructed in sixteen degree colleges spread throughout various parts of Islamabad.

Students will take six-month courses in artificial intelligence (AI), game development, data science, and block chain in these IT labs.

Approximately 1,000 students will have access to courses in the first phase, which is being implemented in response to market demand.

The National Vocational and Technical Training Commission has worked with esteemed universities such as NUST, National Skills University, COMSATS, and NUML to produce these courses.

The second week of this month will mark the start of these classes. For these courses, about 3,600 students have signed up.

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